Adiós Diego: Argentine judges cleanse the Internet

By: Firuzeh Shokooh Valle and Christopher Soghoian

Since 2006, Internet users in Argentina have been blocked from searching for information about some of country's most notable individuals. Over 100 people have successfully secured temporary restraining orders that direct Google and Yahoo! Argentina to scrub the results of search queries. The list of censorship-seeking celebrities includes judges, public officials, models and actors, as well as the world-cup soccer star and national team head coach Diego Maradona.

Both Yahoo! and Google have implemented the court-order mandated filtering, although only Yahoo! has implemented complete blocking of all results for specific names. Both search engines have appealed the numerous restraining orders, and in a few cases, the firms have been fined for not sufficiently complying with some of the courts' censorship demands.

This is not the first time that a judge or government has tried to filter the Internet in an ill-considered way, an approach that is in the same stroke both disproportionately over-broad and ineffective. Recent examples of similar missteps include the blocking of scientist Richard Dawkins web site in Turkey and a US judge's order to shutter wikileaks.org.

The situation in Argentina is notable due to the fact that a search for many of the 100+ public figures on Yahoo! Argentina will result in zero results. That is, it is not a few particularly nasty or libelous results that have been removed, but all results for these celebrities, and anyone else unfortunate enough to share the same name, have been obscured from the Argentine web for those that rely on this search engine.

Try it yourself, and compare searches for Diego Maradona on Yahoo! Argentina (which blocks all results), as well as Yahoo! Mexico and Google Argentina (both of which do not block results).

In many cases, all of the search results for the public figures' names have been eliminated, while in others, only specific search results to pornographic, defamatory or copyright infringing websites have been removed. This is not just about tabloid celebrities; a central figure in this story is the judge María Servini de Cubría who has sought to block Internet content about herself that she finds personally offensive. Governments officials succeeding in limiting access to online information about themselves also sets a worrisome precedent.

All of the clients are represented a single lawyer, Martin Leguizamon Peña, who has claimed to have achieved a 80% success rate in obtaining restraining orders against Google and Yahoo!. Peña is also seeking compensation of 300,000 to 400,000 pesos ($90,000 to $120,000) from the search engines for each of his clients.

Peña has brought successful cases before scores of different judges. While the first restraining orders were issued back in 2006, we understand that the number of legal orders skyrocketed in May of 2008. Peña is reportedly obtaining new restraining orders for the same clients, week after week, with revised lists of websites, articles, blogs, and keywords that must be blocked. Many of the orders contain specific web pages to be blocked, however, some also ambiguously order the search engines to block all sites containing defamatory or scandalous portrayals of Peña's clients. It is then presumably up to Yahoo! and Google to determine which content is defamatory -- a task that neither company wishes to or is qualified to perform.

A representative from Yahoo! told us that the censorship order relating to Diego Maradona was first issued in September 2008. The order required Yahoo! Argentina to block all search results for Diego Maradona containing either pornography or images of the star and has since been expanded to include sites that reference thirty-three members of his family. Rather than dedicating the considerable resources to manually determine which sites on the Internet met this standard, Yahoo! instead implemented a block for all search results containing the football player's name.

The actual reach of the court orders, of course, is fairly limited. Internet users in Argentina who know about the censorship are free to use many of Yahoo!'s other Spanish-language search sites, for example, Yahoo! Mexico or Yahoo! Spain. Even those users unaware of the censorship are likely to seek out other search engines, such as Google, once they come across a search page with zero results. Poor typists are also in luck, as Yahoo! has clearly implemented the orders narrowly, not removing results for "diegomaradona" or "diego maradone," for example.

Even though the blacklist is easy to circumvent, it has the potential to cause significant collateral damage beyond those 100+ celebrities who have sought court orders. This is due to the simple fact that many of those individuals are unlikely to have unique names. Just as America's "no-fly list" has caused countless problems for innocent passengers who shared the name with someone else listed on the government's secret watch-list, so too does Argentina's Internet blacklist have the real potential to cause harm to others. These innocent people have now essentially vanished from a good portion of the Argentine Internet, simply because they happen to share their name with a celebrity.

Just a few weeks ago, Google, Yahoo!, Microsoft and a number of other groups, including the Berkman Center, announced the creation of the Global Network Initiative (GNI) -- a code of conduct and supporting structures to protect free speech and privacy against government mandated intrusions -- and to individually and collectively address situations such as these. While recognizing that the GNI is new, the framework would appear to directly forbid the silent implementation of court-ordered censorship that Yahoo! was performing:

Participating companies will seek to operate in a transparent manner when required to provide personal information to governments. To achieve this, participating companies will:

Clearly disclose to users the generally applicable laws and policies which require the participating company to remove or limit access to content or restrict communications....

Give clear, prominent and timely notice to users when access to specific content has been removed or blocked by the participating company or when communications have been limited by the participating company due to government restrictions. Notice should include the reason for the action and state on whose authority the action was taken.

Yahoo's lack of transparency in its implementation of the court orders, at least up until yesterday, is particularly concerning. Until Monday November 10th 2008, Yahoo! silently removed search results from queries on Yahoo! Argentina, and in some cases, removed all results (such as for Diego Maradona). Yahoo! has since added a note to the empty search results screen explaining (in Spanish) that:

"On the occasion of a court order sought by private parties, we have been forced to temporarily remove some or all of the search results relating to it."

Colin Maclay, who leads Berkman's work on the GNI, said, "this situation is another reminder of the need and urgency for developing clear guidance and best practices for companies, while also engaging in strategies for policy engagement and seeking to better understand evolving legal regimes and practices. Participation won’t change things overnight, but requires a determined, deliberate and sustained implementation. Based on the commitment we've seen by the participants thus far, I am optimistic that we'll make progress on these particular issues both in the near term and over time."

Google is not filtering results to the same degree as Yahoo!. For example, a search for Diego Maradona on Google Argentina returns nearly 2 million results. The company does, however, remove specific pages from the search results on its Argentina site. The search engine notifies its Argentine users of this censorship, just as as it does in Germany, France and China.

An example of Google's filtering in Argentina can be seen by searching for "susana gimenez sexshop" which will result in three links at the bottom of the page to the Chilling Effects Clearinghouse -- a project that tracks these incidents and seeks to inform users of their rights.

When we spoke to Alberto Arebalos, Director of Latin American Global Communications and Public Affairs at Google last week, he stated that "we will exercise prior censorship of these sites" when required by a court order, but then added, "even if we were to eliminate all these sites, people in Argentina could look them up in the Google pages of other countries. In specific situations, we could block specific sites, but definitely not all the sites that appear under a name." Finally, he stated that Google is willing to fight the censorship cases all the way to the Argentine Supreme Court if necessary. Early in October, another Google employee similarly outlined the company's position on the company's Latin America blog.

Wendy Seltzer, the founder of the Chilling Effects Clearinghouse described the situation in Argentina as "a telling example of the fragmentation of the Internet via intermediaries. Rather than going directly to the source of objectionable content, complainers find someone in the middle who can be persuaded to block access in at least some locations. This kind of takedown often obscures the source of the objections and removals." She added that, "Chilling Effects aims to add transparency to the process both by showing takedown demands and by allowing people to compare results across various localized versions of search engines."

When reached for his thoughts, Jonathan Zittrain, a professor of law at Harvard and an ONI principal investigator, stressed the importance of transparency in cases of government-mandated censorship. "It's crucial for search engines and other intermediaries to be able to make it known when outside parties have ordered or pressured them to alter their results. The crudeness with which the filtering was carried out here made it eventually stand out -- but imagine eliminating half the results instead of all of them." He also added that "this is the first I've seen of filtering based on a search rather than on results, except for the narrow cases where, for example, Google will not permit searching by credit card number."

Globally, these blocking orders may be the tip of the iceberg as more countries and their judges struggle with controlling content online. This also provides a glimpse into the challenges companies face, and those ahead for organizations that hope to combat excessive restrictions on free expression online.

There are unquestionably measures that technology companies operating internationally can take to improve freedom of expression online. Two useful steps are to clearly communicate with their users where restrictions are applied and to appeal inappropriate government orders. This case also highlights the fact that it is the decisions and actions of government officials that are at the root of the issue. It is up to Argentina to decide whether this dubious blocking persists. In this instance, the decisions of the Argentine judiciary and the remedies that they mandate do not reflect the realities of the Internet. Going after the intermediaries with overly broad mandates is poorly conceived and stands to substantially threaten freedom of expression in Argentina.

Thank you good post very

Thank you good post very good ...

indirmeden film izle film izle
Film izle Bedava, Online ve ?ndirmeden Film ?zle
Dizi izle Bedava, online indirmeden dizi izle
seks Bedava seks film izle
Pornolar indirmeden porno izle
erotik videolar erotik video izle
teyzem teyzem
porno izle Siki? pornolar? izle
bbg erotik videolar bbg erotik videolar
sevi?me sevi?me videolar?
sex izle sex pornolar? izle
anal videolar anal videolar

Forex Robots

Well written article, and I agree entirely. Thank you for your fresh point of view. Keep up the good work.

Video izle - youtube

very nice thanks

good

Elizabeth Galton in March 2008 joined the team as the new creative director. Elizabeth's extensive experience and innovative ideas, there is no doubt that will lead the brand to upgrade to another level. links london sale product diversification of the work has been started at the same time there are plans to introduce more new product lines, as well as ladies and men's jewelry to make a richer and more diverse products. Elizabeth's goal is to raise the brand to a new realm, and to London full of vitality and power to bring inspiration, create a series of fresh and highly representative of the rich treasures.

amazing stuff thanx

amazing stuff thanx

film izle

Globally, these blocking orders may be the tip of the iceberg as more countries and their judges struggle with controlling content online. This also provides a glimpse into the challenges companies face, and those ahead for organizations that hope to combat excessive restrictions on free expression online.

parça kontör

thanks so much admin good share good blog

parça kontör msn show parça kontör
ikinci el oto parça kontör

film izle, direk izle, indirmeden izle

Thanks

Film izle http://www.videoizletir.net

hi ty for you admin

Destined Stone can break the

Destined Stone can break the original tradition. Open an online shop came entirely from a man’s "brainstorms". One day, he is interested in jewelry industry, he thinks that the jewelry market is large, he prospects for broad, high-profit, so would like to join to open a jewelry store. Business manager explained patiently every detail about opening a store. Finally the man account carefully, rent a department, decorate, join rations and so on will cost at least ten thousands of funds. The man just a recently graduate student, he found it is difficult to find a job so he would like to start his own business. But he has only thousands funds in hands, even not enough for renting a department. He looks at that jewelry, feel reluctant to leave.

Destined Stone can break the

Destined Stone can break the original tradition. Open an online shop came entirely from a man’s "brainstorms". One day, he is interested in jewelry industry, he thinks that the jewelry market is large, he prospects for broad, high-profit, so would like to join to open a jewelry store. Business manager explained patiently every detail about opening a store. Finally the man account carefully, rent a department, decorate, join rations and so on will cost at least ten thousands of funds. The man just a recently graduate student, he found it is difficult to find a job so he would like to start his own business. But he has only thousands funds in hands, even not enough for renting a department. He looks at that jewelry, feel reluctant to leave.

Argentine judges cleanse the Internet

Give clear, prominent and timely notice to users when access to specific content has been removed or blocked by the participating company or when communications have been limited by the participating company due to government restrictions.

cheapest car insurance

whole life insurance

links of london

links of london Top Links London store is a contemporary British jeweler distributor who has become a stylish, international and renowned brand. Links of London sale jewelry for any special occasion, for instance, weddings, anniversary or birthdays.

film izle

its a spam ?film izle film izle film izle film izle maç izle maç izle film izle film izle film izle film izle blogger template

I think that you might be at

I think that you might be at risk if some members have posted scoops found on Yahoo News are they often publish articles coming from Associated Press. dictionar germanI don't know whether or not Yahoo paid for these articles.

Google is always innovating

Google is always innovating and improving the search query returning results. People can find almost anything online, and get it cheaper and at homee. Moreover, there are special discounts for those, who make the deals online or via phone. For expmple I usually gcheck free life insurance quotes online and choose my next policy this way.

Save up on affordable

Save up on affordable tiffany jewelry, beautiful discount tiffany rings, tiffany necklaces,tiffany Pendants,
tiffany earrings and tiffany Bracelets.
tiffany jewellery
tiffany co jewellery
Tiffany Necklaces
the best Tiffany jewelry provider, you can buy the cheapest Tiffany & Co Jewelery here. We offer discount
Tiffany Rings, Necklaces

links of london links of

links of london links of london
links london links london
links of london jewellery links of london jewellery
links of london sale links of london sale
links london sale links london sale

links of london bracelet links of london bracelet
links of london charms links of london charms
links of london necklace links of london necklace
links of london bangle links of london bangle
links of london earrings links of london earrings
links of london ring links of london ring

thx

Nice Article, informative and interesting
Sinema
Sinema Seanslar?
Vizyondakiler

thx

Nice Article, informative and interesting

Sinema
Sinema Seanslar?
Vizyondakiler

?zlerken.Net

www.izlerken.net film izle

thanks

intersting stuff to share...Thanks

online unsecured loans

?zlerken.Net

film izle, www.izlerken.net

?zlerken.Net

film izle

Eglence

Hello Daniel

bu sitelerde güzel sözler ve a?k sözleri bulabilir e-okul sistemi hakk?nda yard?m alabilirsiniz.

güzel sözler
a?k sözler?
tv izle
e-okul sistemi
güzel sözler

I think that you might be at

I think that you might be at risk if some members have posted scoops found on Yahoo News are they often publish articles coming from Associated Press. I don't know whether or not Yahoo paid for these articles.

I think that you might be at

I think that you might be at risk if some members have posted scoops found on Yahoo News are they often publish articles coming from Associated Press. I don't know whether or not Yahoo paid for these articles.

Nobody can control the

Nobody can control the internet not even Argentine judges

Re

mostly this may be due to the abuse of the search engines, some of these kinds will result in not giving the access to the visitors of a particular country.

Defensive Driving Texas

I heard about such kinds of

I heard about such kinds of filtering by search engines for first time. It seems to me that we are not in secured internet while most of us have very good life insurance policies.

Film izle| http://www.videoizletir.net

Give clear, prominent and timely notice to users when access to specific content has been removed or blocked by the participating company or when communications have been limited by the participating company due to government restrictions.

Film izle
Sinema izle
Erotik Film
Erotik Film izle
Film izle
Sinema izle
Erotik Film
Erotik Film izle
Erotik Film
Film izle
Sinema izle
Maç izle
Erotik Film izle
Lig Tv izle
Dizi izle
Film izle
Sinema izle
Erotik Film
Erotik Film izle
Blog

izlerken.net

film izle

thanks so much admin good share good blog

wery nice thanx

wery nice thanx

so nice thankss

so nice thankss

wef

??????????????????
?????? ????????????

Kpss haz?rl?k

I think that you might be at risk if some members have posted scoops found on Yahoo News are they often publish articles coming from Associated Press.Türkiyenin Kpss haz?rl?k sitesi

????


???? ??????


???????? ??????


??????? ??????


 ????? ??????


?????? ??????

???

??? ?????


??? ?????


??? ?????

 

??????? ??????

??????? ?????? ?????


????? ??????

 

??????? ?????? 2010

????? ?????

??? ?????


??? ?????


??????? ??????

 
 



?????

????



 ?????



?????



 sms

??? ???? ??????? ?????
??? ???????? ????? 2010
??? ???? ?????
??????? ?????? - ???????
?????? ????? - ????? ??????

??????? ???? ?????? 2010
??????? ????? ????
??????2010

??????? ????? ?????
??????

??????? ??????2010
??????? ??????? 2010

??????? ???? ???????

??????? ???? ???????
2010

??????? ????


??????? ??????

??????? ???? ?????????

??????? ???? ?????????
2010

??????? ?????


??????? ?????2010


??????? ??????? 2010


??????? ????? ?????

???? ?????? , ????????
?????? , ??????? ?????? , ????? ?????? , ?????? ??????

??? ????? ?????? - ???
????? ??????

???? ????? 2010

???? ?? ??????? - ????
?? ?????

??? ???? ????????
????????

??? ???? ????????

??? ???? ???????? 2010

??? ?????

??? ????? ?????

??? ????? 2010


???????? ???????? 2010


??????? ?????? 2010


??? ??????2010

??? ???? ????? 2010
??? ????? ???????

??? ?????? ???????

??? ???? ??????? 2010

??? ????? ????? ??????

???? ???????? ?????

??????? ?? ?????2010
????? ?? ?????2010

????? ???????? ?????

???? ?????2010
??? ??? ????? 2010

??? ??????? 2010

a href="http://www.s555k.com/vb/t3106.html">
???? ???? 2010
 
 
 

???????
???? 2010

 
 
 

?????
????? ??????

 
 
 

?????
??????
 
 
 

????? ???? 2010

 
 
 
 

?????? ???????? 2010

 
 
 

????? ?????? 2010

 
 

????? ????? 2010

 
 
 

?????? ?????? ??????? 2010

 
 
 
 

?????? ???? ?????? 2010

 
 

?????? ???? ????? 2010

 

?????? ???? ????? 2010

 
 
 ?????
????? 2010 , ??? ?????? ????? 2010

 
 

??????
????

 
 
 

?????? 2010

 

?????? ???? 2010

 
 

?????? ???? 2010

 
 

?????? ??? 2010

 
 

??????? ????? 2010

 
 

????? ?????? 2010


??????? ??? ??? 2010


??? ??? ????? 2010


??? ???
????????


????? ???
2010


????? ???


?????
????? 2010


?????
?????


?????
???? 2010


?????
????


?????
????? 2010


?????
?????


?????
?????? 2010


?????
??????


????? ???
2010


????? ???


?????
???? ????????? 2010


?????
???? ?????????


???????
???????? 2010


????? ???? 2010


??? ?????? ??????? 2010


????? ???? 2010


????? 2010


??? ????? ???? 2010


??? ???? ??? 2010


??? ???? ??????


??? ???? ??????


??? ?????? ??????


???? ???? ????


??? ?? 2010


??? ???????? 2010


??? ???? 2010


??? ????? ?????????


??? ????? ?????? 2010


??? ??????


??? ???? ????? ????????
2010


??? ???? ????? ?????????
2010


??? ???????? 2010


??? ???????? ?????


??? ????


??? ???? ????? 2010


??? ???? ?????????


??? ???? ???????? 2010

???? ????

kpss

kpss haz?rl?kta çok kaliteli bir site.
kpss konular? ve sorular? burada...

Thanks

My friend genuinely enjoyed your NegeriAds.com Solusi Berpromosi. It seems like you have placed a lot of Informasi into your post and this world need a lot more of these on the web these days. I do not have a bunch to to say NegeriAds.com Solusi Berpromosi in reply, I only this minute wanted to comment to reply well done.

My friend genuinely enjoyed your post Informasi. It seems like you have placed a lot of information into your post and this world need a lot more of these on the web these days. I do not have a bunch to to say info in reply, I only this minute wanted to comment to reply well done.

- Informasi
- Loker 2010
- Terbaru
- Lowongan Kerja Terbaru 2010
- Info Terbaru
- Informasi Terbaru 2010
- Info Lowongan Kerja Terbaru 2010
- Jobs Jakarta
- Foto 2010
- Informasi
- Foto 2010
- Kalender
- Lowongan 2010
- CPNS 2010
- Job Terbaru 2010
- Semua Yang Ada
- Free Mp3 2010
- Jobs Vacancy 2010
- Download Musik 2010
- Lucu Lucu
- Songs Lyrics
- 4Shared Musik
- Liga Liga
- Download Indexof
- Free Wordpress Themes Blogspot Template 2010
- Index Of Music Mp3
- You To Be Video
- Champions League 2010
- Free Url Shorter
- Foto Facebook
- Download Video Youtube
- Informasi Terbaru
- 4Shared Download
- Iradisa
- Informasi Teknologi
- Nina Cute
- Forex GBP USD
- Etdah
- CA US UK Jobs 2010
- Capedeh
- Mp3 2010
- Download Mp3 2010
- Lowongan Kerja Terbaru 2010
- Lowongan Kerja Terbaru 2010
- Mp3 Terbaru 2010
- St 12 Band
- foto hantu
- Anti Login
- Raden
- Makanan
- Resep Masakan
- Makanan dan Minuman
- Makanan Indonesia
- Car Blog
- World Travel Information
- Cell Phone Mobile
- Cars Picture Show
- Tips Facebook Terbaru

Made in ChinaMade in

Made in ChinaMade in China
Apparel AccessoriesApparel Accessories
ArtsArts
China WholesaleChina Wholesale
Baby KidsBaby Kids
Bags Shoes AccessoriesBags Shoes Accessories
Business IndustrialBusiness Industrial
Cameras PhotoCameras Photo
Car Vehicles PartsCar Vehicles Parts
Cell PhonesCell Phones
Computers NetworkingComputers Networking
Consumer ElectronicsConsumer Electronics
CraftsCrafts
WholesaleWholesale
Gifts OccasionsGifts Occasions
Health BeautyHealth Beauty
Home GardenHome Garden
JewelryJewelry
Musical InstrumentsMusical Instruments
Office SuppliesOffice Supplies
Sporting GoodsSporting Goods
Toys HobbiesToys Hobbies
TravelTravel
Direct MarketingDirect Marketing
Video Games Internet GamesVideo Games Internet Games
WatchesWatches

That is, it is not a few

That is, it is not a few particularly nasty or libelous results that have been removed, but all results for these celebrities, and anyone else unfortunate enough to share the same name, have been obscured from the Argentine web for those that rely on this search engine.
BUY XANAX ONLINE

Great info.I like all your

Great info.I like all your post.I will keep visiting this blog very often. immobilienverzeichnis | handy logo Klingelton | finanzportal | pagerank-service

Thank you very much for this

Thank you very much for this information.
Good post thanks for sharin.
I like this site ;)

mp3 indir -
dizi izle -
mp3 dinle -
porno izle
bedavamp3 -
türk porno izle -
film seyret -
albüm indir

thanks..

thanks..

Hello

I think lots of bad things are online now, but hey, in real life, out on the streets is the same. So the court should clean everything. Agentii de hostess|Publicitate

My friend genuinely enjoyed

My friend genuinely enjoyed your NegeriAds.com Solusi Berpromosi. It seems like you have placed a lot of Informasi into your post and this world need a lot more of these on the web these days. I do not have a bunch to to say NegeriAds.com Solusi Berpromosi in reply, I only this minute wanted to comment to reply well done.

Post new comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Use [fn]...[/fn] (or <fn>...</fn>) to insert automatically numbered footnotes.
  • Allowed HTML tags: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <sup> <h1> <h2> <h3>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.

More information about formatting options

CAPTCHA
This question helps to reduce spam on the site. If you need new words, click the double-arrow icon on the form. If you need spoken word, click the speaker.