Latin America

Country Profile: Venezuela
Background Venezuela has been a leading exporter of petroleum in the Americas since the early twentieth century. In the 1980s, inflation rates rose to unprecedented levels due to a global oil surplus that caused a crippling external debt crisis for Venezuela. Ensuing poverty...
Regional Overview: Latin America
Introduction With the exception of Cuba, systematic technical filtering of the Internet has yet to take hold in Latin America. The regulation of Internet content addresses largely the same concerns and strategies seen in North America and Europe, focusing on combating the spread...
Country Profile: Cuba
Internet in Cuba In October 1996 Cuba first connected full time to the Internet, and in 1998 Cuba had only a single 64-Kbps satellite connection run by Sprint in Florida and allowed by an exception for communications to the U.S. trade embargo.Patrick Symmes,...
ONI Blog: ONI Releases 2013 Latin America Research
The OpenNet Initiative (ONI) is proud to release new reports on Internet regulation and filtering in Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, and Peru, along with an updated report on Venezuela, where the ONI tested for the first time in...
Country Profile: Guatemala
Background Guatemala is a constitutional democratic republic under the leadership of President Otto Fernando Pérez Molina of the Partido Patriota (Patriotic Party), who took office in January 2012. Molina succeeded Álvaro Colom of the social-democratic political party, Unidad Nacional de la Esperanza...
Country Profile: Colombia
Background Colombia is a democratic republic led by President Juan Manuel Santos, who took office in August of 2010.“Country Profile: Colombia,” BBC News, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/country_profiles/1212798.stm/. See also: Jeremy McDermott, “Challenges ahead for Colombia’s President-elect Santos,” BBC News, June 21, 2010, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10367947. Since the 1960s, the...
Country Profile: Peru
Background Peru is a representative democracy led by Ollanta Humala of the Partido Nacionalista Peruano (Peruvian Nationalist Party).Portal del Estado Peruano, “Organización del Estado [Organization of state bureacracy],” http://www.peru.gob.pe/directorio/pep_directorio_gobierno.asp. During the 1970s and ‘80s, the nation was plagued by civil war between...
Country Profile: Mexico
Background Mexico is a federal republic led by President Enrique Peña Nieto of the PRI. Peña Nieto’s election in 2012 marked an unexpected resurgence of Mexico’s Partido Revolucionario Institucional (Institutional Revolution Party or PRI), which ruled the country for over seventy years...
ONI Blog: Threats to the Open Net: August 10, 2012
Iran's telecommunications minister announced on Sunday that the government's project to replace access to the global Internet with Iran's own domestic intranet system is scheduled to be completed within 18 months. The proposed insular intranet would be heavily regulated...
ONI Blog: SecDev Group launches Open Empowerment Project in Latin America
The SecDev Group, one of the three partner institutions of the OpenNet Initiative, launched the Open Empowerment project in Latin America on May 29. The Open Empowerment project is a joint venture between the SecDev Foundation (Canada) and the Igarapé...